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A person who has deep-rooted fear towards foreigners, or fear of the unfamiliar or strange is considered to be _____________.
Implicit Bias refers to the attitudes or stereotypes that affect our understanding, actions, behaviors, and decisions in an _________ manner.
Explicit Bias refers to outward attitudes and beliefs we have about a person or group on a ________ level.
One way I can increase my understanding of the types of groups people I am bias toward is by exploring the Harvard University self-assessment known as the ________ ________ ________.
During the early American colonial period (1600s) indentured servitude was the dominant means of securing cheap labor. As the big planter apparatus evolved indigenous people, black people and white bond people struggled to exist under a common enemy of a legalized caste system.
The past practices regarding the enslavement of people has come to be known as America’s “Original _____”.
In 1830 President Andrew Jackson signed into law the Indian _________ Act.
In 1863 President _______ ________ said; these dead shall not have died in vain — that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom — and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.
In 1865 the Thirteenth Amendment established a legal ___________ pertaining to free labor. As stated, “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.”
Between 1877 and the mid-1960s a rigid series of anti-black codes known as ______ ______ became a way of life for people of color.
History confirms, convicts were __________ to harvest timber, build interstate road systems, mine the coal fields, as well as plant and harvest plantations.
Established in 1934, the Federal Housing Administration, furthered the segregation efforts by refusing to insure mortgages in and near African-American neighborhoods into the 1960s. This a policy was known as ________.
Between 1940 and 1970 Black Americans fled the difficult times in the south due to Jim Crow laws, this period of time is known as the “_______ ________ _________”.
On June 11, 1963 President ________ _________ said “One hundred years of delay have passed since President Lincoln freed the slaves, yet their heirs, their grandsons, are not fully free. They are not yet freed from the bonds of injustice. They are not yet freed from social and economic oppression. And this Nation, for all its hopes and all its boasts, will not be fully free until all its citizens are free.”
In 1971 we begin to see mass incarcerations ramping up when President ________ _________ declares the “war on drugs” and contends that drugs are “public enemy number one”.
The United States Department of Justice’s (DOJ) Civil Rights Division has authority to investigate law enforcement agencies that have unconstitutional policies or engage in unconstitutional practices and systemic Civil Rights violations. The DOJ can demand the overhaul of an entire police department via what is called a _______ _________.
Procedural Justice occurs when each procedure an Officer performs is achieved with consistent fairness and the equitable treatment of each citizen.
Part of building legitimacy and trust in public safety requires understanding that we all have biases, recognizing when bias behaviors and actions are negatively impacting interactions and ignoring it, never doing something about it.
_____________ is a method of facilitating frank engagements between minority communities, police and other authorities that allow them to address historical tensions, grievances, and misconceptions, and reset relationships.
The people we serve must be confident that the _________ we make are based on evidence and evidence alone, not on ethnicity, skin color, demographic information, the clothes one wears or the way a person looks.